There are over 300+ governmental hospitals in Ghana and only 10 having proper water treatment systems.
H2O Solutions are looking to start an initiative that will see hospital supplied with the necessary water equipment needed and also to ensure that all water storage across the hospital sector are cleaned and purified.
Consistent supply of safe water in healthcare facilities is required for a variety of medical, hygiene, and drinking purposes.
While hospitals in Ghana have access to an improved water source, hospitals which were surveyed did not have consistent water flowing from the taps 100% of the time.” The shortages were attributable to seasonal changes and frequent power outages of varying durations. Water shortages were also due to water infrastructure issues, like patient taps which were often non-existent, non-functional, or locked.
When research investigated further, they found that the staff of health care facilities had better access to hand washing facilities and soap than patients. For example: 86% of staff taps functioned while only 29% of patient taps functioned. Of the 29% functional patient taps only 50% had soap. This research shows the need for patient hand washing facilities in order to increase patient hygiene practices and decrease the potential for hospital-acquired infections.
With regards to quality, the CGSW staff tested water samples for Total Coliforms, Escherichia coli (E.coli), Pseudomonas aeruginosa, turbidity, and free as well as total chlorine.
The team observed positive change in water quality overtime as the percentage of samples that met WHO microbial standards improved. Gallegos reported that the addition of appropriate levels of chlorine is necessary to achieve high quality and safe water. The adherence to chlorine application protocols varied by hospital but overall chlorine levels were below WHO standards in most hospitals. Hospitals that were studied often could not add chlorine to their water because chlorine was expensive or difficult to acquire.
Water quality results also varied by hospital. Only one hospital was able to achieve consistent access to water, which met WHO guidelines.